Everything about peru / todo sobre el peru

tourism / TURISMO

Tourism in Peru makes up the nation’s third largest industry, behind fishing and mining. Tourism is directed towards archeological monuments, ecotourism in the Peruvian Amazon, cultural tourism in colonial cities, gastronomic tourism, adventure tourism, and beach tourism. According to a Peruvian government study, the satisfaction rate for tourists after visiting Peru is 94%. Tourism is the most rapidly growing industry in Peru, growing annually at a rate of 25% over the past five years. Tourism is growing in Peru faster than any other country in South America.

Transportation

Air

Peru does not have one clear national airline, but rather a number of different airlines offering service to Peru from North America, South America, Europe, and Asia. The country’s airports are also served by many international airlines from other nations. The Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima is the nation’s leading international airport and received 15,295,808 passengers in 2013. Domestic air travel serves as a major method for tourists to traverse the country with multiple airlines offering service between many of Peru’s cities.

Highways

Peru has land borders with five countries and has highway connections with all but Colombia. International bus routes are operated on each of these highways providing service from Peruvian cities to other South American cities. Domestically, the highway system is extensive and covers nearly the entire country excluding the department of Loreto which can only be accessed by boat or airplane. There are frequent buses traveling throughout the country. But, bus travel is dangerous as many of these highways are built on cliffs, and accidents leading to death are frequently reported by the media. Occasionally buses are held up by highwaymen in remote areas. The buses range in size and comfort but they usually have cushioned reclining seats and a form of onboard entertainment, such as a movie or music. Many offer bus-camas, or sleeper buses, with seats that recline to become beds.

Rail

The Lima Metro is partially complete, with one line operational, but other regions do not have this system. Tourists must travel by bus or taxi within the city. Outside of Lima, there are only two major railway systems in operation, one in the central part of the country and the other in the south. The central railway starts at sea level in Lima and traverses the Andes, crossing through the Junín and Huancavelica departments.

The southern railway is the one most commonly used by tourists, as a segment of its route goes from the city of Cusco to the citadel of Machu Picchu, a major tourist attraction. This route offers seating options ranging from economy class to first class. The railway originates in the city of Mollendo in the Arequipa Region and goes through the Puno and Cusco regions, passing through the cities of Arequipa, Puno, Juliaca, the citadel of Machu Picchu, and ends at Cusco. The railway is operated by PeruRail, the largest railway manager in Peru.

River

Another mode of transportation in the Amazonian area is river transport. River transportation companies operate routes between the cities of the Peruvian Amazon. The main hubs of this network are the cities of Iquitos, Puerto Maldonado, Pucallpa, and Yurimaguas. Because of the lack of roads in this region, river transport, along with air travel, are the most efficient and important methods of transportation.

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El turismo constituye la tercera industria más grande de la nación, detrás de la pesca y la minería. El turismo se dirige mayoritariamente hacia los monumentos arqueológicos, pues cuenta con más de cien mil sitios arqueológicos. De acuerdo con un estudio del gobierno peruano, el índice de satisfacción de los turistas después de visitar el Perú es del 94 %. Es la industria de más rápido crecimiento en el país, creció anualmente a un ritmo del 25 % en los últimos cinco años, siendo la tasa de crecimiento más alto que cualquier otro país en América del Sur.

El turismo tiene un impacto del 7 % del PBI del Perú, es regulado y estimulado por la Comisión de Promoción del Perú para la Exportación y el Turismo del Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo. Los países más populares de origen de los turistas son Chile, Estados Unidos, Ecuador, Colombia, Costa Rica, Bolivia, México, Venezuela, Reino Unido y China. El turismo emplea al 11 % de la población económicamente activa del país (484 000 empleos directos y 340 000 indirectos), la mayor parte en hostelería y en el transporte.

Los lugares más visitados por los turistas son las ciudades de Lima y su centro histórico, Cuzco que se caracteriza por su arquitectura incaica y colonial pero sus principales atractivos son el Valle Sagrado de los Incas y Machu Picchu, Arequipa por el centro histórico, también por el Valle del Colca y finalmente Puno por el lago Titicaca. El principal circuito turístico del país es el circuito sur, que engloba ciudades como; Ica, Nazca, Paracas, Arequipa, Chivay, Puno, Cuzco, Ayacucho y Puerto Maldonado, con atractivos arquitectónicos, culturales y naturales. La segunda ruta en importancia es la del Callejón de Huaylas, en el departamento de Áncash, sede del turismo de aventura y principal punto de referencia de la cocina novoandina.

Perú tiene muchas otras rutas turísticas. Entre éstas se encuentran las del valle del río Mantaro, con la ciudad de Huancayo como uno de sus ejes, y el Valle de Tarma como otro eje que a su vez es la entrada a la selva central. La costa central sur (departamento de Ica y provincia de Cañete) y la ciudad norteña de Trujillo donde se encuentra Chan Chan la ciudadela de adobe más grande del planeta, el tradicional balneario de Huanchaco y las Huacas del Sol y de la Luna pertenecientes a la cultura Chimú. Según el Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo la visita de turistas extranjeros aumentó en 7 % durante el año 2015 y habría generado US$ 3500 millones en divisas para el país.